Insurance is defined like a financial operation which occurs after an insurance contract or through law statements. The insurance company or institution is obliged to compensate a person or another company in exchange for a periodical paid amount of money. Insurances are paid services that take over the obligation of paying for a broken or damaged object or property that takes place from independent reasons of the person which benefits from the insurance.Terms used in the insurance businessThe insurer is the insurance company or institution that sells the insurance, meaning that it takes responsibility for damaged goods or other insured services in exchange for a certain amount of money.The insured is the person, company or institution buying the insurance. The insured is buying the insurance in order to prevent losses due to unexpected events that can happen. He contracts the insurance from the insurer through which he protects certain goods, properties, objects, services or damages that can be provoked to other people.The insurance beneficiary is the designated person that can collect the compensation amount or insured sum, without having any obligations or involvement in the contract.The insurance contract is a legal document through which are settled legal clauses between involved parties. This document comprises other legal documents like the insurance request, the insurance policy and contract conditions for basic insurance together with other possible contractual clauses.The insured risk is an unexpected event that causes certain damages and that obliges the insurer to pay to either the insured or beneficiary the compensation amount settled within the insurance contract.Legal issues of indemnity and damageThe indemnity, compensation or reparation is defined, in legal terms, as a process through which one party that contracted the insurance receives money for any loss covered within contract terms. Sometimes, an indemnity can also be a part of a rescission integrated in a program. In this case, the property is exchanged for an amount of money, while the indemnity is requested only by the innocent party. On the other hand, damages are different because of the law of obligations and should not be mistaken for indemnity.What prevention measures to take with insurance companies?If you want to avoid any unpleasant surprises the ones who buy insurance policies should make sure that they read the contract many times before signing it and understand completely all their conditions and clauses. For example, when you want to buy an insurance policy for your vehicle, you should make sure to check all available options. Not all companies have the same price, nor do they sell the same product. There are major differences between insurances sold by different companies.Some of them don’t cover all loss risks that might be necessary for the future policy holder, thus, make sure you carefully read all covered and uncovered risks before signing your new contract. If you don’t pay attention to this step, you’ll soon find yourself in an unpleasant situation. You should also know that you have the option to ask for the insurance to be extended beyond your country. You can have your vehicle insured when you go away for a trip to a foreign country. You also need to make sure that you can get compensated fast enough if an unfortunate event occurs. Some companies give you your money back 15 days after all necessary documents have been handed over to the insurer.